At The National Lottery Heritage Fund, we are committed to ensuring the greatest possible public, social and economic benefit from the work we fund. Today (16 September) we are updating our licencing requirements to better support that.
Use of digital technologies to create opportunities to connect to heritage are more important than ever. We have long understood the power of open licences to:
- enable people to actively engage with heritage
- support the use, reuse and development of publicly funded resources
“Our new licencing requirement helps us to increase access to the UK’s rich heritage and promote the innovative use of digital across the sector.”
Josie Fraser, Head of Digital Policy
What is an open licence?
An open licence provides upfront permission for resources to be used, shared and reused, as long as the terms of the licence are met.
We require all of the projects we fund to share the digital resources they create under an open licence. This includes images, research, educational materials, project reports, software, web and app content, databases, 3D models, sound and video recordings.
Open licences ensure that due credit and recognition is given to the organisations and/or individuals responsible for creating the works.
Connecting people with heritage
Open licences provide the opportunity for communities to get hands on with heritage. They open the door to using and reusing the wealth of resources funded by National Lottery players for a wide range of purposes, including education. This helps ensure digital resources funded by the public remain freely and openly accessible to the public.
This might include:
- use in educational resources by schools
- curation of digital resources across collections and organisations
- extending the reach of UK heritage through open knowledge platforms such as Wiki Commons and Wiki Data
The new default licence also removes the barrier to commercial use, which enables The Fund to better support the sector in relation to innovation and enterprise. The sector is taking a fresh look at its business models and digital services, including paid for services. The Fund will be helping heritage organisations plan for this as part of its recovery support work.
Josie Fraser, Head of Digital Policy for The Fund explains how these changes will benefit the sector: “Our new licencing requirement helps us to increase access to the UK’s rich heritage and promote the innovative use of digital across the sector.”
More about our updated requirement:
The new default licence
Grantees will continue to own the rights to the work produced under their grant. As before, we ask them to apply an open licence to the works they produce and make these publicly available online for at least five years.
From September 2020, our default licence is Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), or an equivalent. Where code and metadata are produced in the course of the project, this should be shared under a Creative Commons 0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication, or equivalent.
Items created in the process of the project, for example emails between team members and records of meetings, are not required to be shared or openly licensed. We do however encourage projects to share their processes and findings and work as openly as possible for the benefit of others.
Works in the Public Domain
Works already in the Public Domain fall outside the scope of this requirement. To make sure these materials are not mistaken for materials under copyright, we recommend that projects should clearly identify public domain assets by using a Creative Commons 0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication or equivalent. No new rights should arise in non-original materials resulting from the reproduction of public domain works supported by grant funding. Digital reproductions of public domain materials, including photographic images and 3D data, should be shared under a CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication.
Alternative licencing arrangements and exceptions
The National Lottery Heritage Fund is here to support, promote and help increase access to the UK’s rich heritage. If grantees find that using our default licence would prevent them from being able to successfully deliver their project, we will of course work with them to find a solution.
We will be happy to support any current projects who would like to switch to the new licence.
Ethics and copyright
The review process raised wider issues relating to the increasing recognition of the role of ethics in relation to copyright and licencing. For example:
- issues with digitising artefacts or works from other cultures
- the requirement for contributors to transfer their rights to organisations
- the status of research, data, and other media produced around spiritual works, funerary objects and human remains
As the UK’s largest funder of heritage, The National Lottery Heritage Fund has a responsibility to encourage, contribute to and learn from ongoing discussions and work to address discrimination in all its forms.
We encourage all projects to consider the increasing recognition of the role of ethics in relation to copyright, licencing and cultural heritage management.
Lucy Crompton-Reid, Chief Executive at Wikimedia UK
Kelly Foster, open knowledge advocate, public historian and founding organiser of AfroCROWD UK,
Abira Hussein, researcher and producer, co-founder and leader at the Nomad Project
Sam Roberts, Head of Open Government and Open Government, Cabinet Office
Fiona Romeo, Senior Program Manager, GLAM and Culture at the Wikimedia Foundation.
Anasuya Sengupta, Co-Director and Co-Founder of Whose Knowledge?
Tom Steinberg, founder of MySociety
Simon Tanner, Professor of Digital Cultural Heritage and Vice Dean (People & Planning) in the Department of Digital Humanities at King’s College London
Dr Andrea Wallace, Lecturer in Law at the University of Exeter
Neil Wyatt , Senior Heritage Policy Adviser at Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS)