Exploring the Europe 1600-1815 Galleries at the V&A
The V&A opened its Europe 1600-1815 Galleries earlier this month after a major five-year renovation project, working with the architectural practice ZMMA and with core-funding of £4.75million from HLF.
Over 1,100 objects from the Museum’s unrivalled collections of 17th- and 18th-century European art and design are displayed in a suite of seven galleries. The narrative was devised through consultation with academic and curatorial specialists, and also through audience research with potential visitors to the galleries.
The key stories
Three major stories unfold, each more or less prominent according to the gallery:
- For the first time ever at the V&A, we interpret how Europeans systematically explored, exploited, and collected resources from Africa, Asia and the Americas for their art and design
- How France took over from Italy as leader of fashion and art in the second half of the 17th-century
- How new patterns of living evolved, many resembling those we know today. Global powers and markets emerged; a much broader spectrum of society had access to little luxuries; the taking of hot drinks became widespread; and fashion’s seasonal changes were promoted. Modern notions of private life and comfort were formed
The title of the first gallery, 'Europe and the World, 1600-1720', articulates our approach. Its content epitomised by displays on the local and the global, from Dutch Domesticity to the worldwide Catholic Church and Global Trade.
[quote]"Over 1,100 objects from the Museum’s unrivalled collections of 17th- and 18th-century European art and design are displayed in a suite of seven galleries."[/quote]
Crafting the visitor experience
Historically, the V&A has displayed fashionable, high-end design from Western Europe in these galleries, so the challenge was how to extend the narrative to include a ‘wider Europe’, with a broad social, geographic and racial perspective that included references to colonialism and slavery.
Targeted exploration of the collections for objects – Asian, African and South American, as well as European – led to useful discoveries that we set alongside the more traditional ‘must-haves’.
Certain practicalities guided us: the Museum’s focus is on art and design, its collections are undoubtedly stronger in some areas than others. As a result, we decided not to construct displays around particular places (such as Russia) or historically complex subjects to which we could not hope to do justice (like the slave trade, which varied from state to state in how it operated).
Instead, these objects sit in varied thematic displays where their significance is explained (Grand Dining, Local Traditions, or the French Revolution). In addition, our activity areas (The Cabinet and The Salon) introduce how Europeans classified ‘exotic’ objects and peoples, while our audio highlights tour addresses different interpretations of Africa, America and the slave trade through dessert dishes from Meissen (Dresden) and a figure group from Sèvres (Paris).